Tomski Nikolai Vasilevich (1900-1984)
Soviet sculptor. People’s artist of USSR (1960), full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1949, president in 1968-1983), hero of socialist labour (1970). Studied at Leningrad artistic industrial technical school in 1923-1927 under V.V. Lishev. Taught at Moscow State Academic Art Institute (from 1948, president in 1964-1970). Participating in the restoration of monumental and decorative sculpture in Leningrad, he studied the traditions of the Russian school of sculpture of the XIX century, which formed the basis of his plastic manners. In his best works of the 30-40s he combined the individual and typical, characteristic gesture and carefully modeled forms, created images imbued with heroic pathos (the monument to S.M. Kirov in Leningrad, bronze, granite, was opened in 1938, the State Prize of the USSR, 1941, the portraits of I.D. Chernyakhovsky , 1947, State Prize of the USSR, 1948, and N.V. Gogol, 1951, State Prize of the USSR, 1952, - both marble, the State Tretyakov Gallery). Since the second half of the 50s Tomsky turned to the search for expressive and active forms in monumental compositions (monuments to V.I. Lenin in Berlin, granite, 1970, Lenin Prize, 1972, and in Tashkent, bronze, granite, 1974, USSR State Prize, 1979). In his portrait work the individual characteristic of the model is deepened, the molding style becomes more pliable (portraits of D. Rivera, bronze, 1956-57, the State Tretyakov Gallery, and S. N. Sergeev-Tsensky, sandstone, granite, 1962, Kursk Regional Art Gallery). The State Prize of the USSR (1949, 1950).
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